The Glinka national museum consortium of Musical Culture
Russia. Moscow. 21.8.13
photo by me
edited by adarkrose.deviantart.com
In March 1912, in the former office of Nikolai Rubinstein, the founder of the Moscow Conservatoire, museum was opened. Already then its small display was a curious collection of various musical relics such as written music, manuscripts, memorial articles, musical instruments, and works of fine arts. However, it was only in the Soviet period that the museum became really popular. Its funds were expanded and its research and educational work became active. In 1943, the Soviet government decided to set up a State Central Museum of Musical Culture on the basis of the Conservatoire's museum. In 1954, when the country's musical circles marked the 150th anniversary of Mikhail Glinka's birth, it was named after the great Russian composer. Soon the museum moved to an old mansion known as the Boyar Troyekurov's Palace, and in the summer of 1985 its display was inaugurated in a new building constructed specially for the museum.
Today the Glinka Museum of Musical Culture is one of the country's largest museums, an authoritative scientific institution and a major centre of musicology and the history of music. Preserved and studied in its depository departments are exceptionally valuable rarities such as written and printed music, musical instruments of various periods and peoples, memorial articles, and works of painting, sculpture and decorative and applied art. These unique historical monuments reflect the development of Russian and Soviet musical culture and unfold the pages of the lives and creative work of outstanding composers, practical musicians and music scholars. No other country of the world has a musical museum of a similar scope, and it is not accidental that the Glinka Museum of Musical Culture is the central one among dozens of Russian musical museums.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (June 1 1804 – February 1857) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music. Glinka's compositions were an important influence on future Russian composers, notably the members of The Five (Balakirev, Cui, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Borodin), who took Glinka's lead and produced a distinctive Russian style of music.